It is almost unimaginable to live in a world without the internet. And in the same token, it is also unimaginable to have no content on the internet. Behind the thousands of bites of digital information are the content writers and providers. In turn the driving force behind the content writers are the content management teams. To put it into everyday terms, if the content writers are like the movie actors, then the content managers are like the directors of the film. The writers provide the content, but it is the managers that channel the content towards a proper direction and optimal and manageable form.In the cyber world, contents are the end products that are served to the consumers, that is, the visitors to a particular website. Now content does just not mean the actual content and topic. The manner in which the content is presented is also equally important, and it is the graphic designers that enhance the presentability of any write up.So content writing and graphic designing are the two major aspects of "content management" . The primary job of the content management system is to establish a smooth blending of these two aspects. They are also simultaneous processes, so another responsibility of the content management is to maintain coordination between these two aspects of production.The content management system is also the conduit between the client and the writer and graphic designer. It is the responsibility of the content management to clearly explain the client's requirement and view to the creative team; in turn the writer translates the client's idea into clear and concise writing, and the graphic designer expresses the idea into visual form. The finished product is then presented to the client by the content manger.The web content management also blends creativity and technology. The editors in the content management team should be fully aware of the latest technologies available in the market and use them intelligently to enhance production value and reduce the cost of production.After the creative process, the editors of the content management team then reviews the whole product and makes improvement where necessary in order to meet the needs of the clients.Lastly and most importantly, the content managers also examine the legal aspects of the products. It is their responsibility to check whether the copyright rules have been properly followed or not.Now the content is ready to be uploaded to the server. The content management system has finished its full cycle.
Spyware is one of the fastest-growing internet threats. According to the National Cyber Security Alliance, spyware infects more than 90% of all PCs today. These unobtrusive, malicious programs are designed to silently bypass firewalls and anti-virus software without the users knowledge. Once embedded in a computer, it can wreak havoc on the systems performance while gathering your personal information. Fortunately, unlike viruses and worms, spyware programs do not usually self-replicate.Where does it come from?Typically, spyware originates in three ways. The first and most common way is when the user installs it. In this scenario, spyware is embedded, attached, or bundled with a freeware or shareware program without the users knowledge. The user downloads the program to their computer. Once downloaded, the spyware program goes to work collecting data for the spyware authors personal use or to sell to a third-party. Beware of many P2P file-sharing programs. They are notorious for downloads that posses spyware programs.The user of a downloadable program should pay extra attention to the accompanying licensing agreement. Often the software publisher will warn the user that a spyware program will be installed along with the requested program. Unfortunately, we do not always take the time to read the fine print. Some agreements may provide special opt-out boxes that the user can click to stop the spyware from being included in the download. Be sure to review the document before signing off on the download.Another way that spyware can access your computer is by tricking you into manipulating the security features designed to prevent any unwanted installations. The Internet Explorer Web browser was designed not to allow websites to start any unwanted downloads. That is why the user has to initiate a download by clicking on a link. These links can prove deceptive. For example, a pop-up modeled after a standard Windows dialog box, may appear on your screen. The message may ask you if you would like to optimize your internet access. It provides yes or no answer buttons, but, no matter which button you push, a download containing the spyware program will commence. Newer versions of Internet Explorer are now making this spyware pathway a little more difficult.Finally, some spyware applications infect a system by attacking security holes in the Web browser or other software. When the user navigates a webpage controlled by a spyware author, the page contains code designed to attack the browser, and force the installation of the spyware program.What can spyware programs do?Spyware programs can accomplish a multitude of malicious tasks. Some of their deeds are simply annoying for the user; others can become downright aggressive in nature.Spyware can:Monitor your keystrokes for reporting purposes.Scan files located on your hard drive.Snoop through applications on our desktop.Install other spyware programs into your computer.Read your cookies.Steal credit card numbers, passwords, and other personal information.Change the default settings on your home page web browser.Mutate into a second generation of spyware thus making it more difficult to eradicate.Cause your computer to run slower.Deliver annoying pop up advertisements.Add advertising links to web pages for which the author does not get paid. Instead, payment is directed to the spyware programmer that changed the original affiliates settings.Provide the user with no uninstall option and places itself in unexpected or hidden places within your computer making it difficult to remove.Spyware ExamplesHere are a few examples of commonly seen spyware programs. Please note that while researchers will often give names to spyware programs, they may not match the names the spyware-writers use.CoolWebSearch, a group of programs, that install through holes found in Internet Explorer. These programs direct traffic to advertisements on Web sites including http://coolwebsearch.com. This spyware nuisance displays pop-up ads, rewrites search engine results, and alters the computer host file to direct the Domain Name System (DNS) to lookup preselected sites.Internet Optimizer (a/k/a DyFuCa), likes to redirect Internet Explorer error pages to advertisements. When the user follows the broken link or enters an erroneous URL, a page of advertisements pop up.180 Solutions reports extensive information to advertisers about the Web sites which you visit. It also alters HTTP requests for affiliate advertisements linked from a Web site. Therefore the 180 Solutions Company makes an unearned profit off of the click through advertisements theyve altered.HuntBar (a/k/a WinTools) or Adware.Websearch, is distributed by Traffic Syndicate and is installed by ActiveX drive-by downloading at affiliate websites or by advertisements displayed by other spyware programs. Its a prime example of how spyware can install more spyware. These programs will add toolbars to Internet Explorer, track Web browsing behavior, and display advertisements.How can I prevent spyware?There are a couple things you can do to prevent spyware from infecting your computer system. First, invest in a reliable commercial anti-spyware program. There are several currently on the market including stand alone software packages such as Lavasofts Ad-Aware or Windows Antispyware. Other options provide the anti-spyware software as part of an anti-virus package. This type of option is offered by companies such as Sophos, Symantec, and McAfee. Anti-spyware programs can combat spyware by providing real-time protection, scanning, and removal of any found spyware software. As with most programs, update your anti virus software frequently.As discussed, the Internet Explorer (IE) is often a contributor to the spyware problem because spyware programs like to attach themselves to its functionality. Spyware enjoys penetrating the IEs weaknesses. Because of this, many users have switched to non-IE browsers. However, if you prefer to stick with Internet Explorer, be sure to update the security patches regularly, and only download programs from reputable sources. This will help reduce your chances of a spyware infiltration..And, when all else fails?Finally, if your computer has been infected with a large number of spyware programs, the only solution you may have is backing up your data, and performing a complete reinstall of the operating system.NOTE: You have full permission to reprint this article within your website or newsletter as long as you leave the article fully intact and include the "About The Author" resource box. Thanks! :-
Ah, the desktop. It's just as important to keep your desktop clean on your Windows PC as it is to keep your real desktop clutter free, so that you may work at optimal performance. It will help your computer speed up as well. Having to render all those icons on the desktop all the time can really slow things down.Did you know you can actually remove all the icons from your desktop? If you create a new folder in the middle of the desktop then you move all your icons to the left or right side of the desktop, then you can select everything and drag it all off of the desktop by dragging the new folder to the left or right along with all the other items selected. This is the crude way to remove everything, because technically it's still all on your desktop but it's just not visible.Another way to get rid of most of the main icons is to put them all in one folder on the desktop. Just name it Desktop Stuff. Then you magically have a clean desktop and all the stuff that's normally on your desktop is in one folder right there. It will speed up your computer slightly, but you do have to double click one extra time, it seems like a good trade off though.If you simply must keep many of the things on your desktop, there are several tools to help you organize all the essential items that you can't live without on the desktop. First, you can access all the options by right clicking on the desktop. If you go to the View menu you can choose between different sizes of icons. If you put them on Large that might help you realize how cluttered or clean your desktop is. From the View menu you can also align your icons to a grid, or have Windows auto arrange your icons. If you like that make circles with and stuff with your icons then you will probably want to stay away from aligning them to a grid.If you do have them set to auto arrange. You can then sort them by their name, size of the files, or other options like that. Really, the best way to go is to just make one folder and throw all of that junk that's been piling up on your desktop straight to the desktop master folder. Just imagine your real desktop having one folder where you could have all your family photos and memorabilia right there in one folder instead of all taking up space and collecting dust!Just by following these simple steps, you can improve the performance on your PC, especially when loading demanding applications such as games or word processor for example. If you have a large number of files you could create different directories such as pictures, music or video for example. I even suggest a scrapbook folder for files you are not sure about how to classify.
IntroductionIn the movie, Superman, Superman spun the earth around to reverse time so Louis Lane could escape a driving tragedy. Nowadays we do not need Superman to avoid catastrophe We can sense the conditions of roads miles before we get there.Spiderman uses his Spidey-sense to alert him of transgressions. We have our own sixth sense We can learn of criminal actions without anyone being there to witness the event.We are acquiring more superpowers with each passing day. It is not a result of global warming or some unknown bacteria in the water it comes from sensor technology.Answers from the previously unknownIf a tree falls in the forest and no one is there to hear, does it make a sound? We all have heard that frustrating question before. Now we know the answer is a resounding, yes.Sensors have been deployed in all kinds of areas and situations giving us information that was not previously available. From jungles, to space, to oceans, sensors have been providing us with intelligence.Sensors can assess pathogens at the molecular level or the rotation of planets in orbit. We can see the day-to-day or year-to-year impact of our development from space on the Amazon, Mexico City, or Las Vegas.How have we become superhuman?Four things have facilitated the growth of our superhuman strength:- More sensors are becoming wireless, so they can be used anywhere.-Sensors are able to operate on less power (some even extracting the power from their immediate environment).-Sensors are becoming smaller and smaller. The latest sensors are the size of a pinhead.-Sensors are working together. Sensors are being formed into networks, relating information to one another and ultimately to us. Think of the world as being one big Internet with information becoming accessible from anywhere at any time.What the future will be likeSensors will enable real time viewing of all places at any time. Sensors will be on our street in our forests, on our corners, in our houses, and on our clothing. It has already begun, and each passing moment invites more opportunities for sensor advancement
The telephone is probably the most important and the most used method of communication today. All over the world, telephones are being used extensively, whether in homes or in offices. When it comes to office phone systems, the system is particularly designed so that any number of users can use and share the same telephone lines, rather than having to use individual phones. Telephone systems like these are specifically designed for use by several people in a single location, like companies and large offices. Using these types of phone systems can mean lesser expenses for businesses, since it is proven to be more cost-effective than using regular telephone systems.PBX The PBX telephone system, or Private Branch Exchange, are phone systems which are designed specifically for corporate use in offices. The main purpose of a private branch exchange system is to create a private communication network among all those who use and share the external telephone lines. PBX systems are ideal for large and medium-sized companies and businesses. What makes this phone system cost-effective is that users can now share a few external phone lines, as compared to having all individual users having their own external lines.Using a PBX phone system allows a person to communicate with another user on the telephone network by just dialing a 3 or 4 digit extension number. Plus, PBX systems also have additional features like voicemail, reminders, screen displays, and options to screen all calls. PBX phone services for offices may also include automated answering services, auto-generated messages for callers, and live call transferring.Automated Attendants The Automated Attendant is an accessory used in most office phone systems for answering phone calls by way of automatically generating electronic messages. Using this accessory or tool, callers will be allowed to route themselves within the phone system through a series of menu prompts. Office voice mail systems are usually equipped with a basic automated attendant system.Automated Call Distributor Another phone accessory commonly used in office phone systems is the Automated Call Distributor or ACD. This accessory provides an efficient way of routing all incoming calls between programmed extension numbers. The most common locations for Automated Call Distribution systems are call centers, or any other office or location that has to process several incoming calls all at the same time.Computer Telephony Integration The CTI, or Computer Telephony Integration tool, is used for connecting an existing phone system to a computer, or computer network. Important information is automatically retrieved from incoming calls, routed to the computers, where the data is processed for practical business purposes. There is another tool called the Key System Unit, or KSU, which contains useful features like call forwarding, extension dialing, and options for using voice mail. VOIP systems, or Voice Over Internet Protocol, allows users to communicate with other VOIP systems and use digital data through the Internet.These office "telephone systems" are incorporated into the standard system of analog telephones, fax machines, cordless and cellular phones, using a traditional telephone network, and they also have the option of communicating through the Internet using VOIP.